Verification of Unusual
Rec. # 2003-09
Ruddy Ground Dove
|Scientific name:||Columbina talpacoti|
|Date:||Nov 2, 1991|
|Time:||4:00 - 5:00 PM|
|Length of time observed:||4-5 minutes; three times with hr|
|Age:||Adult (basic adult plumage)|
|Location:||Lytle's Ranch, Beaver Dam Wash in Washington County, S.S. Utah.|
|Distance to bird:||30 - 4- feet|
|Optical equipment:||8x20 Binocs & 20x30 spotting scope; pictures were taken using a VCR camera by Mark Hokpins on Oct 31. He called me & I traveled down to the ranch & saw it Nov. 2.|
Cool (40 - 50° F) & cloudy; VCR photos on Oct. 31 - Day was clear & Sun
(Prior weather and number of days since change) Previous cold & windy weather to the north. Not aware of weather changes in Arizona.
|Light Conditions:||Cloudy & overcast|
|Detailed description of bird:||
Head, Nape & Crown - Grayish blue.
Throat - Grayish-white
Upperparts - Rich Brownish-pink color all across back, rump & wings. No gray color on back or wings like in Common Ground Dove.
Wings - Flecked with 10 -12 blackish specks showed rich reddish-brown tones in primaries when it flew.
Tail - Dark with black borders. Never did see any white, because it flew away so quickly & disappeared into the thick, nearby vegetation.
Bill - Darker throughout lengh & going to a lighter color near base; not yellow though.
Overall size - Blackbird size, but with shorter tail & more plump body
|Song or call & method of delivery:||None detected|
|Behavior:||This bird fed on seeds & chicken mash on a dirt road just north of the large trailer at the ranch. It would crouch low while feeding with breast close to & on the ground. When it walked it nodded its head, when it flew it was only about ten yards into some plum bushes, but it was a rapid, direct flight. It stayed in the vegetation for a long time (sometimes hours) before venturing out to feed.|
|Habitat:||Trees, Bushes & Grass. Road. Ranch buildings (sheds, house, etc. & a long trailer house)|
how were they eliminated:
Common Ground Dove (Columbina passerina) - C. passerina has scaled
appearance on head & breast, grayer plumage overall.
c. talpacoti totally lacked the scaled appearance & was more rosy pink color overall.
Also, I showed the video segment to Clayton White, B.Y.U. ornithologist, who came to conclusion it was c. talpacoti. Next, we checked specimens of c.talpacoti in the B.Y.U. ornithological collections. There were 3 specimens to compare with & the bird we had on tape matched these.
Next, we checked the description in the A.O.U. checklist & also in a textbook called Doves & Pigeons of the World to determine Common Ground-Dove juvenile characteristics & compared with Ruddy Ground-Dove,. Conclusion: C. talpacoti
|Previous experience with this & similar species:||None with this one. Have seen Common Ground in Ariz. & Inca Dove in Utah.|
|References consulted:||Doves & Pigeons of the World|
|Observer:||G. Merrill Webb|
|Observer's address:||1063 East 400 North, Orem, Utah 84057 (801) 224-6113|
|Observer's e-mail address:|
observers who independently identified
|Date prepared:||Nov. 5. 1991 (resubmitted 14 April 2003)|
|Additional material:||Video tape (video clips and photos taken from the tape) Original Documents|
|Additional comments:||Note - This is a first sighting for the state of Utah. We considered the possibility of this being an escapee from a zoo or a pet shop. But Vince Mowbray, a Los Vegas, Nev. birder, informed off a Ruddy Ground Dove north of Las Vegas & 4 - 5 in California a couple of weeks prior to this sighting. Based on this information I feel that it is more than likely a naturally-occurring bird & not an escaped one. M. Webb|