Utah County Birders Newsletter
November 2007

    November Meeting
    Upcoming Field Trips
    Merrill's Musings
    Bird of the Month
    Field Trip Report - The Big Sit
    Field Trip Report - Moab
    Backyard Bird of the Month
    October Hotline Highlights


Wed, Nov 14th.

Landon Jones will be presenting on the topic “The Birds of Benin: a French linguist's adventure in West Africa.”

Mr. Jones recently visited Benin in West Africa as a French linguist in the Utah National Guard for a two-week humanitarian mission. He’ll briefly explain the mission, describe the country, and talk about the birds he saw there. During his trip, he recorded a Benin first sighting for one species and saw four other species not previously reported in the region he was birding. These sightings have been accepted for publication in the March issue of “Malimbus: The Journal of West African Ornithology.” Many of the smaller West African countries are not well birded but have nearly as many species as the larger countries. If time permits he will report some of the findings from his literature review on the raptors of West Africa.

Landon is currently finishing a master's in wildlife and wildlands conservation under Dr. Clayton White here at BYU.

 - Meet at 7:00 PM in the Bean Museum Auditorium on the BYU Campus.


Wed, Dec 12th.

Christmas Bird Count Preparation - We will receive instruction and assignments for the Provo CBC.

Please bring your field guides with you, we will discuss birds that might pose an identification problem. Final assignments will be made for areas to cover during the count, and folders will be distributed to area leaders.

Meet at 7:00 PM in the Bean Museum Auditorium on the BYU Campus.



November 17 (Sat): November loon loop - day trip, meet at 7:30 a.m. at Sam’s Club parking lot, 1313 S. University Ave., Provo: we plan to visit various reservoirs beginning with Deer Creek and ending with East Canyon in search of loons and winter waterfowl.

December 22 (Sat): Provo CBC - Call Merrill Webb or come to the December UCB meeting on the 12th if you wish to participate.

December 29 (Sat): Bluff CBC - details TBA

January 25 - 27, 2008: St. George Winter Bird Festival - make your own arrangements

February 9, 2008: Bald Eagles at Farmington Bay: details TBA


Merrill's Musings
By Merrill Webb

photo by Jack Binch

A Unique Experience
I have been watching birds for more than fifty years; spishing (or pishing) them up for probably half that amount of time. As you can imagine I have had a lot of interesting experiences, but nothing like what happened two days ago. I am writing this on October 13, while it is still fairly fresh in my memory.

Because UVSC was out of school for Harvest Days Vacation, and since the school where I teach is on the same schedule, I decided to see how many birds I could find during that particular day. As I have reflected back on those eleven hours of birding I realized that I probably will never have the combination of events that transpired ever occur again. Hence the reason for writing them down.

I saw some good birds. Found a beautiful, male Townsend's Warbler at the southwest corner of the Provo Airport Dike. Observed a small flock of about 30-35 Pine Siskins on the Skipper Bay Trail. At the end of the day I saw a Prairie Falcon at LeBaron Point which is situated down at the south end of Utah Lake. Sandwiched in between, Glen Barlow and I found three Common Grackles at a feed lot in Lake Shore. Glen and I had linked up at River Lane, but we had only birded together for about twenty minutes before he had to return home.

I had started out the morning by finding a Red-necked Grebe on Clegg's Pond in west Orem, a fairly rare bird, but it was only a new bird for the year for me--not even new for the county.

The most memorable event of all these I have mentioned occurred at the end of the Skipper Bay Trail which I have already mentioned. As most of you who have hiked it know, the paved part of the trail ends at a small stream which flows into Utah Lake. On the other side of the stream there are a lot of bulrushes and other thick emergent wetland vegetation. This is where I had found a Swamp Sparrow the year before, and even though it was probably too early in the fall to expect it again I thought I would try pishing to see what I could bring out, possibly even a Lincoln's Sparrow. So I stepped down to the edge of the stream to where I was partially surrounded by waist-high vegetation and started pishing. About five to seven seconds had elapsed when I was startled by something landing lightly on top of my head. 'That was a quick response,' I thought. It felt heavier than a song bird, but not as heavy as what I thought a raptor might weigh. At first I thought it might be a Magpie, but they had never responded to my pishing before, so I eliminated that possibility. Instinctively I turned my head. This action caused the bird to fly off me. I turned in time to see what it was and caught a glimpse of a fair-sized brown bird just landing in a nearby tree about thirty feet away. Its back was to me. Then it turned its head and looked back a me. Quickly I trained my binoculars on it. Staring at me with two, bright yellow eyes from golden-brown facial disks was a Long-eared Owl! I don't know who was more surprised--the owl (realizing that I wasn't a prey item), or me (realizing that it had been an owl on my head). Lucky for me I was wearing a baseball cap, or I would have had talon marks in my bald scalp. Pete Dunne, who wrote a book, The Art of Pishing, would have been proud.

photo by Lu Giddings


Bird of the Month

Wild Turkey
Meleagris gallopavo
by Robin Tuck

It must have been 10 years ago, when one of my Church friends showed me a picture of what he said was a 40 pound Tom Turkey he had 'harvested' from the Cedar City area. This dedicated hunter wanted to see if I, a dyed-in-the-wool birder, would be shocked at the target of his hunting prowess.

As it turns out, all of the Wild Turkeys in Utah are here as the result of successful re-introductions by the Utah Division of Wildlife Resources funded by the hunting community, principally, the Utah Chapter of the National Wild Turkey Federation. These re-introductions began with a failed attempt in 1925, which was tried again successfully in 1952 and continues today. Currently, most of the re-introductions come from Utah populations that are trapped and released in new places where the Division believes they will prosper.

Utah has two subspecies of Wild Turkeys, Rio Grande (Meleagris gallopavo intermedia) and Merriam's (Meleagris gallopavo merriami), that differ slightly in habitat selection, mature weight and coloration, with the feather tips lighter in the Merriam's. The Merriam's are concentrated in the southern part of the state and live in more mountainous terrain with ponderosa pine along with aspens, grassy meadows and oak brush. The Rio Grande turkeys are scattered throughout the state and choose to live at lower elevations favoring cottonwood river bottoms and riparian areas with oak brush.

Turkeys and other upland game birds have a high rate of reproduction, with Toms often breeding with up to 10 Hens, each having 10 to 12 eggs in their nest. Because of this, hunting is limited to Toms with the hunting season being from mid April to the end of May.

Wild Turkeys have been very successful in Utah, with an estimated population of 18,000 to 20,000 birds with most being the Rio Grande sub-species. This abundance of turkeys has caused the DWR to increase the number of Turkey permits; the 2007 number of 2900 expected to be increased at least by 30% for 2008.

Unlike their domesticated cousins, Wild Turkeys can fly for a short distance and roost in trees for the night. It was with astonishment that I watched Wild Turkeys fly out of tall cottonwoods early one morning, wondering how they got up there the evening before. Wild Turkeys are somewhat smaller than domesticated turkeys, with their average weights for Toms being 18 to 21 pounds, and for Hens being 8 to 11 pounds which accounts for their ability to fly at all.

Many birders I know began their love of birds from hunting them, then switching from shooting to simply watching. I suppose that some of these same birders still creep off in the early morning hours shotgun in hand looking for Wild Turkeys and other upland game birds. Your opinion may vary, but I appreciate the conservation efforts and dollars invested by our hunting friends.

Field Trip Report
The Big Sit
- 14th October 2007
Trip Report by Eric Huish

The view from our Big Sit circle,  Provo Bay - 14 Oct 2007
photo by Tuula Rose

Big Sitters - Eric, Bonnie and Milt - 14 Oct 2007
photo by Tuula Rose

A Big Sit is like a Big Day in that the object is to tally as many bird species as can be seen or heard within 24 hours. The difference lies in the area limitation (inside a 17-foot circle) from which you can observe.  We sat out on the Provo Airport Dike, on the East leg of the South extension.

This was our 6th annual Big Sit. We had a record number of participants this year (14), a record amount of time spent at the circle (12 hours) and we had a record number of species seen. We ended the day with a total of 58 species. 3 more than our previous record. There were two probables we weren't confident enough to count, several species seen during the week leading up to the sit that we couldn't find on the day of, and a few misses including Ring-necked Pheasant which we have never missed on a big sit. 60 species is definitely possible and will be our goal next year.

I arrived at our sit circle at 6:30 a.m. and was immediately greeted with a Barn Owl that was hunting in the area (at one point only 15 feet away).   Milt Moody, Bonnie Williams and Tuula Rose showed up early (before light) and we quickly started adding species.  Virginia Rail, Song Sparrows, Marsh Wrens, and Red-winged Blackbirds were calling and as soon as it was light enough to see shapes on the mud-flat we picked out Black-crowned Night-herons and Great Blue Herons.  Larry Draper, Josh Heward and Yvonne Carter each joined us for a while during the morning.  Most interesting sightings during the morning shift included hundreds of Long-billed Dowitchers that spent the day on the mudflat,  a Sora and Virginia Rail out where we could see them along the front of the marsh, a Merlin that  hung out in the trees at the other end of the mudflat much of the morning, 3 Steller's Jays in some small trees way out in the middle of the marsh (far from their normal habitat), two or three Semipalmated Plovers way out on the far end of the mudflat and we had a good movement of raptors in the early afternoon with at least 15 Red-tailed Hawks making their way south.  Ned Bixler showed up before noon, and after Tuula, Milt and I left at 1:00 p.m., Ned took a lone watch to 4:00 p.m. He added Turkey Vulture and Caspian Tern to our list.

Matt Mills and Stephanie and I arrived for the evening shift around 5:40 p.m. to find Bonnie Williams already there along with a mess of mosquitoes that were not there for the morning shift.  Luckily Tuula showed up around 6:00 with some bug spray. Matt spotted a couple of Golden Eagles in the distance and Tuula pointed out a Cormorant flying over.  We also had a couple of Cattle Egret and Caspian Terns fly over.  Paulette and her son stopped by for a few minutes to see how we were doing and as it was getting dark, Jon Watkins and his 8 year-old son Kendall joined us.  Kendall is a very skilled birder.  We had a large flock of Sandhill Cranes (about 200) fly into the marshes across the bay at dusk (we also had 3 soaring with the raptors in the early afternoon) and after dark the Barn Owl made another appearance.  Through the scope we watched a Raccoon and Black-crowned Night-Heron feeding near each other on the mud-flat for the last sighting of the day.

Spending a full day watching nature from one spot is fascinating to me.  A day has a flow to it.  Owls before dawn and after dusk. The herons were out on the mudflat only during  the dark hours of the day. Birds were singing in the morning hours. The Dowitchers came in from somewhere at dawn, left for the afternoon, came back in the evening then left again at dusk.  Around mid-day Raptors were everywhere and gulls came in to roost on the mudflat. 

Thanks to all who participated. I hope to see you next year - Oct 12, 2008.

Species List - Canada Goose, Mallard, Northern Shovler, Green-winged Teal, Western Grebe, Double-crested Cormorant, Great Blue Heron, Cattle Egret, Black-crowned Night-Heron, White-faced Ibis, Turkey Vulture, Northern Harrier, Sharp-shinned Hawk, Red-tailed Hawk, Golden Eagle, American Kestrel, Merlin, Virginia Rail, Sora, American Coot, Sandhill Crane, Semipalmated Plover, Killdeer, American Avocet, Greater Yellowlegs, Lesser Yellowlegs, Long-billed Dowitcher, Wilson's Snipe, Ring-billed Gull, California Gull, Caspian Tern, Rock Pigeon, Mourning Dove, Barn Owl, Northern Flicker, Steller's Jay, Black-billed Magpie, American Crow, Northern Rough-winged Swallow, Barn Swallow, Black-capped Chickadee, Marsh Wren, Ruby-crowned Kinglet, American Robin, European Starling, American Pipit, Yellow-rumped Warbler, Spotted Towhee, Chipping Sparrow, Song Sparrow, White-crowned Sparrow, Dark-eyed Junco, Red-winged Blackbird, Western Meadowlark, Yellow-headed Blackbird, House Finch, Pine Siskin, American Goldfinch.

Field Trip Report
- 26-27th October 2007
Trip Report by Lu Giddings

I made the drive to Moab Friday morning and spent the rest of the day and yesterday morning birding around town and the adjacent area. Moab is as beautiful as ever, especially with the cottonwoods wearing their autumn colors, and the weather was absolutely perfect. The nearly full moon added to the glory of the surroundings.

It was not my luck to see any unusual migrants. The birds seemed mostly to be of the "common permanent" or "common winter" variety. I think Iwas about two to three weeks and a storm or two too late for migrants, although who can say what I may have missed in such a brief trip?

It's really dry in and around town. Ken's Lake is about 30 feet lower than it's spring level. The Matheson Wetland Reserve seems to have roughly the same amount of water as the solid stone beneath Delicate Arch. And the river itself seems low, although I cannot say that it is any lower than one might expect this time of year. I didn't see any waders or any shore birds on this trip. Waterfowl numbers seemed lower than what one might reasonably expect. Even as I drove along the Colorado river from Moab to Cisco, the river and its banks seemed completely devoid of avian life - no great blue herons, no Canada geese, no common mergansers, only a small flock of ruddy ducks frolicking in a pool above Dewey bridge. Surprisingly, this is the second consecutive week I have struck out on mallards. Have they recently become an endangered specie?

The only noteworthy sightings were Eurasian Collared-Doves. Flocks of 5,6, and 16 were spotted around town early Saturday morning.

Total Count: 44 species - Gadwall, Northern Shoveler, Northern Pintail, Redhead, Lesser Scaup, Bufflehead, Ruddy Duck, Eared Grebe, Western Grebe, Northern Harrier, Sharp-shinned Hawk, Red-tailed Hawk, Golden Eagle, American Kestrel, Peregrine Falcon, American Coot, Rock Pigeon, Eurasian Collared-Dove, Hairy Woodpecker, Northern Flicker, Steller's Jay, Western Scrub-Jay, Black-billed Magpie, American Crow, Common Raven, Horned Lark, Black-capped Chickadee, Ruby-crowned Kinglet, Western Bluebird, Mountain Bluebird, Townsend's Solitaire, American Robin, European Starling, American Pipit, Yellow-rumped Warbler, Spotted Towhee, Song Sparrow, White-crowned Sparrow, Dark-eyed Junco, Red-winged Blackbird, House Finch, Lesser Goldfinch, American Goldfinch, House Sparrow.

Backyard Bird of the Month
October 2007

Fred Baker - Provo
I was glad to see the Oregon Juncos back, and the Finches showing their beautiful yellow color.

Glenn Barlow - Fruit Heights
On Friday evening, October 12th, I saw both a Red-naped Sapsucker and a Downy Woodpecker in the pine tree closest to my house. The Red-naped was boring square holes in a bare spot in the tree. It rested awhile, then disappeared!

Steve Carr - Holladay
Steller's Jay - First one in 37 years of observing in my backyard.

Lynn Garner - Provo
A Townsend's Solitaire piping in our tree.

Alona Huffaker - Springville
A couple of Steller's Jays have been around most of the month.

Eric Huish - Pleasant Grove
White-breasted Nuthatch - Yard lifer number 89.

Milt Moody - Provo
Steller's Jay - stopped for a drink at my bird bath.

LeIla Ogden - Orem
I did have a White Breasted Nuthatch show up at my feeders above Midway. Lots of Chickadees and Junco's.

Cheryl Peterson - Provo
White-breasted Nuthatch (yard bird #56) and Steller's Jay (#57).

Bruce Robinson - West Jordan
Mountain Chickadee - A first for the yard!

Tuula Rose - Provo
The winter flocks have descended. Mountain chickadees, yellowrumps, kinglets, waxwings and a new yard bird, a STELLER'S JAY!

Mark Stackhouse - Salt Lake City
Blackburnian Warbler - what a nice surprise on a rainy morning! - and - Mountain Chickadee - my real favorite bird of the month, three of these delightful gems have been coming daily all month, and one day one ate from my hand while I was filling the feeders.

Alton Thygerson - Provo
Steller’s Jay - you could hear him/her before you saw it.

Merrill Webb - Orem
My yard was visited during the month of October by five Cassin's Finches 2-3 times.

Bonnie Williams - Mapleton
Steller's Jay - Quite a few lately. Sometimes several at a time. One of my favorite birds.

We would like you to share your favorite backyard bird each month. Please send your favorite bird at the end of the month to newsletter@utahbirds.org or call 360-8777.