Verification of Unusual
Rec. # 2012-21
|Scientific name:||Setophaga americana|
|Length of time observed:||1-2 minutes|
|Location:||Dixie Red Hills Golf Course|
|Distance to bird:||between 50 and 75 feet|
|Optical equipment:||Leupold 10x42 binoculars|
|Weather:||Clear, no wind, 60-65 degrees farenheit|
|Light Conditions:||Bright, clear, shaded at times in tree|
|Description: Size of bird:||Small|
|(Description:) Basic Shape:||Warbler- Small passerine|
|(Description:) Overall Pattern:||Blue with yellow throat and red speckling on breast|
|(Description:) Bill Type:||pointed.|
Field Marks and
|During initial observation, I was able to determine it was a SMALL, blue warbler with white wing bars and a short tail. I did not immediately see the breast area. It continued to forage actively for about 30 seconds; only allowing shaded, obstructed views. After that time, it flew into a lighted area with many dead leaves, allowing an unobstructed view of red chest speckling and yellow throat. This was the best look I had after the first observation. After approximately 30 seconds of feeding, I lost sight of the bird and was unable to find it again.|
|Song or call & method of delivery:||No song or call heard|
|Behavior:||Active feeding approximately 50-60 feet in mature cottonwood. Moved quickly from branch to branch, pausing only momentarily.|
|Habitat:||Mature cottonwood trees in long row on golf course, no understory, short turfgrass lawn covering ground. Scattered mesquite, pine, tamarisk, and elm trees in area. Large pond and dense trees within 150 feet.|
were they eliminated:
Blue-gray Gnatchatcher: Does not have red speckling
on chest, shows no yellow, gray overall with long black tail.
Western Bluebird: Thrush, large relative to warblers, solid orange breast, no wing bars
Tropical Parula: Extreme rarity- never sighted in UT, Speckling on breast solid
Cerulean Warbler: Shows no red speckling.
Lucy's Warbler: Shows no yellow, any red would be on crown or on chestnut rump, no wing bars.
Black-throated Blue Warbler- Shows no yellow or red, no wing bars
Yellow-rumped warbler: Shows no red, mostly black and white.
Ruby-crowned Kinglet: Olive-gray overall, shows no bright yellow, any red would be on crown.
Lazuli bunting: heavy billed, larger, long-tailed, shows no yellow. Any red on breast would not be speckled except in a nonbreeding bird.
this & similar species:
|First observed Northern Parula. I have only birded the western U.S. and have little experience with Eastern warblers. I am familiar with western birds, especially common species like Blue-gray Gnatcatcher, Western bluebird, and others I may have overlooked as a similar species.|
|References consulted:||Sibley Guide to Birds (2000), utahbirds.org (rare bird sightings list and rare bird finder), ABA Checklist|
|Description from:||From memory|
|Observer's address:||64 E 200 S La Verkin UT 84745|
|Observer's e-mail address:||**|
|Other observers who independently identified this bird:|
|Additional_Comments:||While trying to re-find the bird, golfer traffic began to increase heavily, forcing my exit from the location. Jane Day also observed the bird, but briefly, and only with the naked eye. I did not have time to take notes during the observation, as it was a short viewing and I did not want to anger golfers.|