Verification of Unusual Sight Record
For Utah

Rec. # 2010-39

Common name:

Prothonotary Warbler

Scientific name: Protonotaria citrea
Date: 09/28/10
Time: 6:45pm
Length of time observed: 1-2 minutes
Number: 1
Age:  ?
Sex:  ?
Location: St. George, Red Hills Golf Course
County: Washington
Latilong: 19
Elevation: ~ 850 m
Distance to bird: 15 m
Optical equipment: 10 x 42 binoculars
Weather: clear, calm, and hot
Light Conditions: bright afternoon sunlight
Description:        Size of bird:  
(Description:)       Basic Shape: warbler
(Description:)  Overall Pattern: bright golden yellow, blue-gray, and white
(Description:)            Bill Type: long and sharp
Field Marks and
Identifying Characteristics:
Medium to large sized warbler with a large, relatively thick and long silvery bill. Large black eye conspicuous on yellow face. Deep rich yellow on head, back, throat, chest, and belly. Wings bluish gray (no wing bars) but primaries, secondaries, and tertials edged with lighter blue-gray. Short, blue-gray tail with white spots. Bright white undertail coverts. Gray legs and feet.
(see photo)
Song or call & method of delivery: loud sharp chip call note, and short buzzy call given in flight
Behavior: foraging in willow and tamarisk
Habitat: Dense thick shrubby patch (dominated by tamarisk) adjacent to a small creek (City Creek)
Similar species and how
were they eliminated:
Blue-winged Warbler is superficially similiar, however, it has a dark loral line and wingbars.
Previous experience with
this & similar species:
yes, first in Utah
References consulted:  
Description from: Notes taken at time of sighting
Observer: Rick Fridell
Observer's address: Hurricane, UT
Observer's e-mail address:
Other observers who independently identified this bird:  
Date prepared: 10-03-10
Additional material: Photo