Review Species Reported This Month:
Neotropic Cormorant Davis
Co., Salt Lake Co.
Glossy Ibis Utah
Common Ground-Dove Washington Co.
Vaux's Swift Weber Co.
Least Flycatcher Washington Co.
Chestnut-sided Warbler Davis
Ovenbird Washington Co.
Prothonotary Warbler Washington
Northern Parula Utah
Co., Washington Co.
Bronzed Cowbird Washington Co.
BOX ELDER COUNTY
Kris Purdy (8 May 2012) - I kayaked the Willard Spur
in Box Elder County and came across six or so STILT SANDPIPERS in a flock
of oh…..5,000-10-000 L-B Dowitchers. ... It took a surprisingly long time
to pull the six Stilt Sandpipers out of the flock. They’re entirely in breeding
plumage without the eye-catching supercilia of fall. Their smaller bodies were
often obscured by their larger cousins.
Jason St. Sauver (6 May 2012) - Boy does it seem to be
the weekend for most or all of the final migrants to return...at least to Box
Elder Co. Just this weekend I've had FOY Wilson's and Yellow Warblers,
Black-headed Grosbeak, Lazuli Buntings, Blue-gray Gnatcatchers and Warbling
Kris Purdy (6 May 2012) - I’m always impressed with
the bird life at Raymond M. Hansen Park in Elwood, southeast of Tremonton in Box
Elder County. I saw thirty species there this morning including a Myrtle
Yellow-rumped Warbler and both Sharp-shinned and Cooper’s Hawks.
Given the time of year and habitat...
Cindy Sommerfeld (4 May 22012) - ...--We decided to try our luck at Bear River. We were fortunate
to find 5 Whimbrels right where Kris found them two days ago. A little further
down the road Steve spotted a Merlin with prey...On the Loop we
joined Jack Binch listening to 2 very vocal Bitterns. Our total at Bear
River was 57 species
--From there we went to the west side of Willard Bay, north of
Harold Crane. There Steve found 7 Black Terns along with hundreds of
Forster's Terns. We were fortunate to get some close looks at a couple of
Kris Purdy (2 May 2012) - Do eight WHIMBRELS
qualify as a flock? Hope so. There were eight, along with 14 Long-billed
Curlews, north of West Forest Street (road to Bear River MBR in Box Elder
County) at mile 8.4...
Mike Fish (18 May 2012)- [Logan] - The
Rose-breasted Grosbeak is still visiting my feeders (Third day in a row).
Ron Hellstern (6 May 2012) - Bullocks Orioles
and Black-chinned Hummers are competing for nectar at the feeders. Also a
Lazuli Bunting made an appearance. We're along the Blacksmith Fork River
in Cache Valley.
Mike Fish (5 May 2012) - [Logan] - Tonight I had 4
Calliope Hummingbirds in my yard, along with 5 Broadtailed and one
Black-chinned. I'm afraid my nectar feeders will be frozen in the morning.
I'm amazed that those tiny bodies can survive the freezing temps....
Steve Christensen (14 May 2012) - Flammulated Owl
in Carbon County.
Lloyd and Connie Logan (10 May 2012) - I looked out my
kitchen window at about 7PM this evening and saw an adult Scissor-tailed
Flycatcher sitting on the power lines behind our house. The location was the
intersection of Utah 123 and Denver Avenue in East Carbon (west side of
Sunnyside Park), Carbon County, Utah. The bird sat on the power lines long
enough for my wife to come to the window and see it too. ... Having grown up in
Kansas and Missouri and lived for 6 years in Texas, we are very familiar with
this species - absolutely no doubt as to the identification (fifteen yards,
facing us, and the sun at our back).
Norm Jenson (30 May 2012) - We birded Farmington Bay
today with the Salt Lake Audubon, thanks Bryant and Deedee, lots of great looks
at good birds, nothing too unusual, though a couple of Blue-winged Teals
are always a nice find...
Edson Leite (29 May 2012) - [Garr Ranch] - Beth and I
spent most of the afternoon at Fielding Garr Ranch, Antelope Island... [The park
guy] mentioned he saw a
Rose-breasted Grosbeak earlier that morning, at the end of the spring near
the cattails and russian olives. We were there looking for it for a just a
couple of minutes when if flew out of the ground and to the tree in front of us
allowing for great looks, it is a male looks pretty weak though. The female
American Redstart was in the cottonwoods doing its rounds with a Wilson's
Joel Beyer (27 May 2012) - An adult male
Chestnut-sided Warbler was seen around the spring area today about noon
Pat Jividen (15 May 2012) - [Antelope Island] - Ned
Bixler, Doug Mead and I had a great day at the causeway. We were there for 31/2
hours and hated to leave. Doug picked up 4 life birds and Pat 1.
We saw about seven Ruddy Turnstones at about mile marker 6 about 150
yards out but great looks width the scope... -- [Buffalo Ranch Ponds] - We also stopped by here.
Neotropic Cormorant, ...
Black-crowned Night Heron, Franklin's Gull, Brewer's sparrow, a few ducks
Keeli Marvel (11 May 2012) - Ten Utah County Birders
met this morning for a field trip to Antelope
Is. Causeway and Garr Ranch. Highlights of the trip included: --Four or so AMERICAN GOLDEN PLOVER interspersed with the
hundreds of BLACK-BELLIED PLOVER, a couple of SNOWY PLOVER and a
couple of SEMIPALMATED PLOVER, a few dozen peeps (most IDd as WESTERN
SANDPIPERS) and several RED KNOTS all between miles 5 and 6 on the
mud flats on the north side of the road. --A NORTHERN WATERTHRUSH, SAY'S PHOEBE, BARN OWL
fledglings, and a WILSON'S WARBLER at Garr Ranch --A GRASSHOPPER SPARROW on the way to Garr Ranch
Cindy Sommerfeld (6 May 2012) - [Antelope Island] -... Paul Higgins accompanied Steve and I
to try once again to complete our May Antelope Island Survey...The temperature and wind kept
the bugs to a minimum. --On the Causeway we were excited to find 26 Red Knots. --On the Island were were privileged to watch a Short-eared Owl
chase a Red-tailed Hawk in an aeronautic battle. After a bit the
Red-tail gave up. --On the road to the ranch we watched 5 Swainson's Hawks
soaring together. They weren't in much of a hurry because we found them still
lazily soaring together, on our way back from the ranch. --At Garr Ranch we found 2 Green-tailed Towees.
65 was today's species total...
Bryant Olsen (2 May 2012) - Yesterday I spent the
night on Antelope Island, and saw many good birds on the way there and back.
First stop was at Farmington Bay, where I saw my first YELLOW WARBLER of
the year, plus 9 WOOD DUCKS, both along Farmington creek near the nature
center,and 100's of LONG-BILLED DOWITCHERS. "
--Then on the AIC: First good bird was an apparent AMERICAN
GOLDEN PLOVER (maybe the same one that's been around for awhile) mixed in
with the hundreds of BLACK-BELLIED PLOVERS... Also on the AIC
were several RED KNOTS, and a BAIRD'S SANDPIPER, and later, 2
DUNLIN, and 20 SEMIPALMATED PLOVERS (all 4 were lifers!). Also lots
of MARBLED GODWITS, WESTERN SANDPIPERS, LEAST SANDPIPERS,1
SANDERLING, and some WILSON'S PHALAROPE, plus at the first bridge 100
or so BONAPARTE'S GULLS....Near Bridger Bay campground I had a BURROWING OWL, and saw my foy
SNOWY PLOVER on the beach (making it a 5 plover day!). In the morning a
SHORT-EARDED OWL was flying around, making it a 5 owl trip including the
BARN, GREAT HORNED, and LONG-EARED OWLS I saw elsewhere. In the
morning the number of shorebirds on the causeway was way down from the day
before, maybe the PEREGRINE FALCON hanging around has something to do
with that (bad falcon!).
--Stopped at Buffalo Ranches pond on the way home, and saw 1
NEOTROPIC CORMORANT plus a HORNED GREBE in breeding plumage and heard
a SORA nearby....
Mike Fish (31 May 2012) - [Panguitch] - Dusky
Flycatcher in Panguitch, Utah.
Thank You Steve in Cedar City and to the
others who responded.
Candy Zaffis (14 May 2012) - Had a good birding day
from Dugway to Fish Springs on Sunday, May 13th. Got a great photo of the
Eastern Kingbird in the picnic area. Even tho the ponds are REALLY low at Fish
Springs, the birds that were there seemed to be more concentrated, so it was
easier to see multiple species - I'm sure I missed some shorebirds because the
bugs were biting really badly, and we couldn't stay out with the Scope for too
long without getting swarmed or bit!!
--Black-throated Sparrows (3 at the Geode beds), Barn Swallows,
Ravens, Horned Larks, Meadowlarks, Western Kingbirds, Eastern Kingbird, Mourning
doves, Eurasian collared doves, Yellow-rumped warblers, Says Phoebe, Many misc
flycatchers, , Yellow-headed blackbirds, Brown-headed cowbirds, Red-winged
blackbirds, Brewer's blackbirds, Magpie, Starlings, Yellow warblers,
White-crowned sparrows, House sparrows, Sage sparrows, Sage thrashers, Killdeer,
Goldfinch, Western Tanagers, Bullock's Orioles, Black-chinned hummingbirds,
Northern Flicker, Robins, Shrike, Mockingbirds, Coots, Northern Harriers,
Red-tailed Hawk (flying withe a snake), Golden Eagle, Kestrels , Snowy egrets,
American Bittern, Pelicans, Mallards, Redheads, Canada Geese, Long-billed
Curlew, White-faced Ibis, Black necked stilts, Am Avocets, Terns, Gulls,
Grebes, Shovelers, Teals, Scaups, Mergansers,
Sandpiper (spotted maybe?)
David J. Allan (30 May 2012) - ...On Sunday, 5/27, I had a female ANNA'S HUMMINGBIRD visiting my yard
hummingbird feeders (Oak
City, Millard Co). That was a first for me in Millard Co and my yard. Also had a
Red-breasted Grosbeak spend the day in my backyard. Another bird of
interest was a leucistic-pied Mourning Dove. Unfortunately, none of these
were seen again Monday. Sunday was very colorful. I recorded seventeen species
in the yard. Besides those listed above, I recorded Lazuli Bunting,
Bullock's Oriole, Western Tanager, California Quail, House
Finch, American Goldfinch, Lesser Goldfinch, Black-headed Grosbeak,
Black-chinned Hummingbird, Barn Swallow, American Robin, Cooper's Hawk, House
Sparrow, and Eurasian Collared-dove. The RBGR seem to be becoming a
spring regular to my yard - three of the past four years.
--On my way home from work yesterday evening, I saw my FOS Blue
Grosbeak. I was traveling along Sink Road near Lyndyl, Millard Co.
Weston Smith (30May 2012) - [Croyden] - There is a
Black-throated Sparrow feeding on weed seeds in my driveway here in
Croydon, Utah .... The bird was first seen at 5:45pm. Also there has been a male
Rose-breasted Grosbeak at a feeder in Morgan City for a couple days now.
D Fullmer (21 May 2012) - While fishing yesterday,
(Sunday, May 20), I observed what I am pretty sure are Red Breasted
Mergansers showing nesting behavior in the cliffs above Lost Creek
Weston Smith (13 May 2012) - There has been a male
Rufous Hummingbird at my parents' (Arnold Smith) house in Morgan City
(Morgan County, Utah) for the past couple days.
Weston Smith (6 May 2012)- My parents just had an
Indigo Bunting at their feeder in Morgan, Utah.
Weston Smith (6 May 2012) - [Croydon] - We just had
a Burrowing Owl in our yard(1375N 6800E Croydon, UT) as well as a male
Common Grackle. The owl was continuously harassed by about 30 Tree
Swallows until it disappeared into the sage brush in the back yard.
Norm Jenson (21 May 2012) - Wow Lark Buntings
two days in a row. Yesterday on Antelope Island with Tim and Jeff during the a
marathon and today at Deseret Ranch with Bill Fenimore. Also a Long-eared Owl
on a nest...
SALT LAKE COUNTY
Richard Young (20 May 2012) - as of 1:15 P.M.
today, there are 2 Neotropic Cormorants at the pond at the “Kennecott
Nature Center”, along the Murray/Jordan River Parkway (approx. 50th south).
There is another single NECO to the south, at Mill Race Pond at this same time.
May 20-12) - ...My wife and I saw a bunch of new 2012 Jordanelle birds today, in particular a
Northern Waterthrush. The bird was very close to the north end of the trail
(appropriate, don't you think?), just before the second boardwalk...
(13 May 2012) - [Lee Kay Ponds] - Black Tern. Big south pond south end of
long thin island with other terns.
(9 May 2012) - This afternoon at the University of Utah campus, I had 2
Golden Eagles circling near the Huntsman Cancer Institute. I also had a
Yellow Warbler singing on campus along with some Cedar Waxwings...
Sylvia Gray (5 May 2012) - A Green-tailed Towhee
was searching for seeds under the millet feeder where Lazuli Buntings
and House Sparrows had been feeding...
Bryant Olsen (4 May 2012) - This evening I heard
and then saw 2 FLAMMULATED OWLS up Mill Creek Canyon, Salt Lake Co...Later I heard another one a ways up
canyon, and a GREAT HORNED OWL. ..A male DUSKY
GROUSE flushing up trail side was an added bonus.
UtahBirds (4 May 2012) - Sighted, on May 4th, 1 male,
Indigo Bunting about a quarter of a mile West of the junction of Anne's
Trail and Maple Hollow trail near Traverse Road, Draper, Utah...
Paul Lombardi (3 May 2012)- I've be waiting
patiently and it finally happened. Got my first beautiful Lazuli Bunting
at my feeder here in Centerville...
Ron Walker (2 May 2012) - I visited the Kennecott Park at 4800 South on
the Jordan River Parkway Yesterday (5/1/12). The juvenile Neotropic
Cormorants were there as some have seen before...
firstname.lastname@example.org (5 May
2012) - Last night while camping in Mt Pleasant (Sanpete County) I heard a
Great Horned Owl with it's typical "hoot-hoot who who" call.
Kimberly Roush (26 May 2012) - There is a
Swainson's Hawk hanging out around Kimball Junction, Park City. It swooped
right over the hood of my car. I had left my binoculars on the front stoop and
for the first time ever thought "See, I did not even need them!"...
Kris Purdy (20 May 2012) - Thanks to Wes Smith for
finding the Henefer, Summit County site for BOBOLINKS last year. I
visited the spot this morning and saw four males; ....
--I also visited Echo’s red cliffs at the junction of I-80 and I-84
and oh, my! What a hubbub of activity. The best cliff nesters I saw were many
White-throated Swifts and a Peregrine Falcon....
Kimberly Roush (15 May 2012) - So shocked when I
returned home last night to see a California Quail in our yard at 7000
feet in Pinebrook, Park City. We are just over the summit of Parley's Canyon.
Bryan Shirley (13
May 2012) - I spent yesterday in Uinta County... --At Ouray NWR I located 3 Am. Bitterns. They were calling
nonstop from before sunrise until when I left about an hour later. There was
also a good flock of mostly Red-necked Phalarope with a few Wilson's
--At Pelican Lake I found a flock of Long-billed Dowitchers.
I was studying them trying to find a Short-billed (no luck), when a Am.
Golden Plover walked through my scope. I ended up finding one more, plus a
Black-Bellied Plover as well...
Caren (27 May 2012) - We were on Skipper Bay Trail
today at about 1:30-3:00. We saw a female Wood Duck and 4 babies that she
kept very close to her. She was in one of the little marsh ponds. Among
lots of birds that we spotted one of the better ones were spotting 2 different
Soras. One in clear view.
Jeff Cooper (24 May 2012) - Eric Peterson and I set out before
sunrise today for an early morning of birding, exploring, and photography... in the Chimney Rock area...We got target birds such as
Black-throated Sparrow and Sage Thrasher along with some other
regulars for the area,...Highlights
included two Northern Mockingbirds, Olive-sided Flycatcher, and a single
Pinyon Jay. A complete surprise, in the middle of the desert, was hearing
the call of a bird I grew up hearing back in Kentucky--a NORTHERN BOBWHITE...
Eric Huish (20 May 2012) - I birded with Doug Wheeler
yesterday... behind his house in Saratoga Springs... When I stepped out of the car I heard a Grasshopper
Sparrow singing! A County lifer for me! I also discovered a
Burrowing Owl burrow
just North of where I stopped...also spotted a Short-eared Owl
flying around just up the road from this spot. ...
Eric Huish (14 May 2012) - There was a female
Northern Parula at the very east end of the Provo Airport Dike early this
Eric Huish (12 May 2012)- Milt Moody and I walked
Skipper Bay Trail this morning. We found a Northern Waterthrush in the
flooded woods at the north end of the trail, on the lake side of the trail... --The flooded fields were full of birds including 3 Horned
Grebes in full breeding plumage...
Yvonne Carter (11 May 2012) - Kaye Stone saw a
COMMON LOON at the Highland Glen Park pond, which is behind the Lone Peak
High School, on Thurs. May 10th...
Milt Moody (11 May 2012) - Eric Huish and I just saw three BAND-TAILED
PIGEONS in northeast Provo. ...go to 930 East and 2620 North and go three or
four houses west and look north on the telephone lines behind the houses...
Eric Huish (11 May 2012) - The Bank Swallow
colony is nesting in the bank at Lindon beach again this year...
Also a Semipalmated Plover out on the beach just south of the south
pavilion. Lindon Beach is south of the Lindon Boat Harbor and Settling Ponds.
Jeff Cooper (7 May 2012) This evening I drove SR92
into American Fork Canyon just before sunset to see if flammulated owls had
returned... I was fortunate to see one DUSKY GROUSE
cross the road in front of me just before the hair pin turn below Pine Hollow
trail head....just above the Mutual Dell
turn off... I was able to hear (no visual)
several FLAMMULATED OWLS giving simple hoots from the pine trees...
Eric Huish (4 May 2012) - I spotted a GLOSSY IBIS
this evening along the dirt cutoff road between River Lane and Swede Lane. It
was with a flock of White-faces Ibis in high grass. Probably the same bird
Dennis and Alton saw near this area a couple of weeks ago.
Dennis Shirley (1 May 2012) - I was going to rest my
eyes today and not even pick up my binoculars. But when I noticed the flock of
powder blue headed birds at my feeder I couldn't resist. Sure enough 8 male
Lazuli Bunting arrived this morning...
Paul Higgins (13 May 2012) - I spent all weekend in
the Uintah Basin looking for Mountain Plover's (seems rather futile, now). On
the way home I stopped to rest at Jordenelle Wetlands. This Common
Yellowthroat kept me awake with it's insistent singing. I crept over, set up
and he gave me some great looks. I'm always a sucker for Yellowthroats.
Ned Bixler (12 May 2012) - This morning at Potters
Lane, there were several Bobolinks singing in the tree tops. Also, in the
same area, there were Wilson's Snipe, on the fence posts along the road.
Time was 10:30 am.
Rick Fridell (28 May 2012) - Quinn and I went camping
at Lytle Ranch (Washington Co., UT) last night (5/27 & 5/28)....There were also a few nice birds
around including an OVENBIRD in the orchard and a Common Ground-Dove
near the experimental Nicotiana plots. ...
Oliver Hansen (28 May 2012) - Thanks to Keeli Marvel
for a great trip to Washington County this weekend. I joined 8 other birders on
Saturday morning at Lytle Ranch and we birded Saturday and Sunday (they got
there a day earlier). Some highlights:...--Zions (trail to Angel's Landing) - Spotted owl male was
heard calling twice above the alcove where they roost...
Rick Fridell (22 May 2012) - This evening (5/22) Quinn
and I visited Lytle Ranch, Washington Co. The avian highlight was a
Prothonotary Warbler in the big mulberry tree in the orchard...
Bryant Olsen (22 May 2012) - Went down to southern
Utah to watch the Annular Solar Eclipse, and did some birding on the way there
and back. Best birds were: BRONZED COWBIRD near Grafton. ...4 VERMILION FLYCATCHERS
at Grafton. I got a RUFOUS CROWN SPARROW in the amphitheatre above
Springdale, plus a GRAY VIREO in the same spot, another pair of
CASSIN'S KINGBIRDS near the east entrance to Zion NP. ...also in welcome wash I saw a empidonax that keyed out as a LEAST FLYCATCHER,
unfortunately it wasn't calling and I didn't get a photo of it before it was
gone. At Lytle Ranch,...an apparent CALLIOPE HUMMINGBIRD female...
David Wheeler (22 May 2012) - [Lytle Ranch] On Saturday morning, I
saw a female Rose-breasted Grosbeak on the western fenceline of the field
SW of the main pond....
Moorhen at Springs Estates pond was a lovely surprise. One female Costa's
Hummingbird plus one immature male Anna's at Lytle feeders.
Kay Stone (20 May 2012) - Reed Stone, Jim Strong and I saw a Northern
Parula at Lytle Ranch on Friday the 18th. It was right by the main house
just south about 40 feet by the cactus garden.
Dave Hanscom (8 May 2012) - This is a belated report of the Salt Lake
Audubon trip last weekend. Six of us had a most successful and enjoyable 3-day
marathon, trying to hit as many locations as possible for Washington County
specialties... [highlights]: --Road to Oak Grove campground: Ash-throated Flycatcher, Canyon
Wren (audible only), Gray Vireo, Black-throated Gray Warbler --Oak Grove campground...: White-breasted Nuthatch, Grace's Warbler --Hurricane: Hooded Oriole, Common Blackhawk (but no Inca
Dove)... --Spring Pond: Lesser Nighthawk, Crissal Thrasher, Greater
Roadrunner --Utah Hill: Black-chinned Sparrow --Beaver Dam Slope: Ash-throated Flycatcher, Black-throated Gray
Warbler, Black-throated Sparrow, Cactus Wren, Cassin's Kingbird, Black-tailed
Gnatcatcher, LEAST FLYCATCHER (sez me, but I could be wrong on this)... --Lytle Ranch: Summer Tanager, White-winged Dove, Black-throated
Gray Warbler, Phainopepla, Lucy's Warbler, Black Phoebe, Verdin, Bewick's Wren,
Anna's and Costa's Hummers, Bell's Vireo, Ash-throated and Brown-crested
Flycatchers, Gambrel's Quail, Ladder-backed Woodpecker, Gray Vireo, Common
Susan Snyder (5 May 2012) - For those traveling to Zion Nat'l Park, we
saw a MEXICAN SPOTTED OWL there last Sunday, roosting in a rock crevice
in Refrigerator Canyon. The slot canyon is along the trail to Angel's Landing.
The crevice is a tall vertical one on the right as you're heading up, just
before the trail turns back and heads up to Walter's Wiggles.
Paul Higgins (25 May 2012) - Lazuli Bunting and
Warbling Vireo, South Fork, Ogden River, Weber County.
Kris Purdy (19 May 2012 - I’ve birded Powder Ridge
Road at Powder Mountain Ski Area in Weber County a couple times in the past few
days and have seen a nice compilation of mountain birds... highlights: --RED CROSSBILLS
every day ... Several WILLIAMSON’S SAPSUCKERS along Powder Ridge
Road not far after turning off SR-158 and beginning the ascent to the condos... --The wing-rips of DUSKY GROUSE and the male’s pre-copulatory
single-note “BLOONK!” call, heard three times at dusk a couple nights ago... --Two NORTHERN SAW-WHET OWLS
singing just before dusk somewhere in the canyon and one sounding off in the ski
area at sunny 9 am this morning...
Jason St Sauver (14 May 2012) - Had a lovely morning
walk at the north arm nature trails along Pineview Reservoir. It's hard to get
good looks at the birds in the dense brush - but - that's why they love
it...especially the Gray Catbirds! Had several singing and good looks at a couple
along the trail - as well as one very vociferous and bright Yellow-breasted
Chat! Area was filled with Yellow Warblers, Black-headed
Grosbeaks, Orioles and Goldfinches... too.
Kris Purdy (13 May 2012) - If luck and time are with
you, you might see a LEWIS’S WOODPECKER along SR-39 at mile 27.2, which
is about eight miles east of Huntsville, Weber County...
Kris Purdy (6 May 2012) - Jack Rensel saw a single
Vaux’s Swift today over the Ogden River at Rainbow Gardens, located at the
mouth of Ogden Canyon in Weber County.
Brenda Kidman (5 May 2012) - What a lovely day to sit
and watch BYB'S...I sat
outside tonight and saw...Calliope Male, Black Chinned Male and FIVE male Bullock's
Kris Purdy (4 May 2012) ...Along the Weber River west of Fort Buena, an Osprey
perched in a cottonwood. This is a sign to me that the bird is nesting nearby.
--Within the fort itself, I saw the most beautiful American
Robin I’ve ever seen, due completely to the bird’s partial albinism. This
bird was about ¾ albinistic and looked like it had sustained a barrage of
snowballs that stuck all over. He was a quite brilliant element as he foraged on
the dry, shady forest floor...